Fresh Fruit & Vegetable suppliers turning to T2 Internal Transit & Direct Ferries to serve Irish Markets

After years of frictionless trade with UK & Ireland markets, Commercial Directors, Transport Planners and Packing houses across mainland EU now face unique new challenges serving the Irish food and horticultural markets following the end of the UK’s EU withdrawal transition period on 31 Dec 2020.

Prior to 01 January 2021, 80% of all Irish road freight to and from mainland Europe passed through the UK and in and out of Ireland via the GB land bridge and the UK, Netherlands and Spain combined to supply more than 80% of Ireland’s fruit and vegetable imports.  (The land bridge was equally important to Irish exports to mainland EU)

The UK was also Ireland’s number one source of fruit imports.  These figures were well known – being regularly quoted in many BREXIT-related articles over the past few years.  What wasn’t so widely appreciated was just how reliant the UK’s position as key supplier to the Irish market was on its downstream EU mainland fresh fruit and vegetable supply lines from France, Netherlands and Spain.

French, Dutch and Spanish exporters and wholesalers found it convenient to treat the UK & Ireland as one, homogenised market linked by shared language, geographical proximity and EU membership.  Many mainland EU exporters took advantage of this to consolidate loads into Great Britain and then use GB as a hub to then serve the Irish markets.  The new post-BREXIT reality means that model no longer makes sense for many companies.

Great Britain - IrelandThe island of Ireland (North & South) remains in the EU customs territory.

For many European suppliers a big surprise has been how problematic it has been attempting to serve Northern Ireland out of GB bases or hubs.

EU suppliers have quickly found out that, what was once simple, now involves a mountain of extra time, effort and money to both export goods from mainland EU to GB only to have to repeat the process to export from GB to enter the island of Ireland which (North & South) remains in the EU customs territory.


Using locations in GB as distribution hubs for EU goods or reliance on GB wholesalers now presents severe customs and economic difficulties to European food exporters selling directly or indirectly into Ireland.  Additionally, Fruit, flowers and horticultural products moving from Great Britain to Northern Ireland are  sanitary and phytosanitary certificates or SPS measures creating considerably more administrative work and cost overhead.

Many European companies are quickly changing their supply lines to move to Irish hauliers who can deliver direct to the Irish market via T2 Internal Transit rules (or direct ferries) and in turn building direct relationships with Irish customers and wholesalers.

The direct ferry option does remove all paperwork requirements however it does come with a penalty in terms of end-to-end journey time.  While not completely frictionless, T2 Internal Transit does avoid the most burdensome levels of paperwork and cost while still delivering the journey time and time-to-market that many fresh produce suppliers are so reliant upon.

To further streamline and reduce risk, European fresh produce suppliers to the Irish market are increasingly seeking to partner with hauliers and logistics providers who have put resources in place to provide customs services in addition to transiting the goods.

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For more information surrounding BREXIT and how it could impact your business and its supply chain, take a look at our previous BREXIT postings. The links to which can be found HERE.

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