New checks brought in under UK Brexit trade agreement

The second phase of UK border controls came into force on 30 Apr 2024.  The new checks have been introduced as part of the UK’s Brexit trade agreement.  Meat and dairy products, plants and seeds are among the goods now subject to physical checks when imported to Britain from the European Union.


What is changing on 30 April 2024?

From 30 April 2024, the UK is introducing documentary and risk-based identity and physical checks on imports of medium risk animal products, plants, plant products, and high risk food and feed of non-animal origin from the EU except for the island of Ireland.

Check your BTOM risk category:


While these changes will not impact traders exporting goods from Ireland directly to GB, they will impact traders moving goods under transit to or from Ireland across the UK landbridge to or from the rest of the EU.

  • Transit consignments from Ireland travelling across GB and exiting GB via east coast ports will be subject to documentary checks, exit identification and inspection controls and will be required to confirm that consignments have exited the UK.
  • Transit consignments to Ireland from the rest of the EU entering GB via east coast ports will be subject to documentary checks, entry identification and inspection controls.

These controls will take place at designated UK Border Control Posts (BCPs).  A full list of designated UK BCPs can be accessed here.

For more information on the new UK requirements, review the UK Government’s guidance on transit movements.

The new UK checks and controls will be subject to fees.

The UK Government is introducing a Common User Charge on 30 April for commercial movements of animal products, plants and plant products.  The charge applies to both imports and transit movements Further information on the UK’s common user charge is available here.

Commercial (private) British ports and relevant Port Health Authorities will set their own charging structure and rates for traders using their services.

UK guidance is that medium and high risk SPS goods being moved across the UK landbridge in either direction should be sealed with commercial seals.  Seals may be checked at East Coast ports either on entry or exit from GB.

For goods moved across the UK landbridge from Ireland to the rest of the EU, confirmation that the goods have exited Great Britain must be provided to the exit BCP.


What changed on 31 January 2024?

The UK  introduced new customs and SPS requirements on all goods being imported into Britain starting 31 January 2024, as part of its new Border Target Operating Model (BTOM).

These new rules brought significant changes and new requirements for EU goods moving from:

  • the EU through Great Britain to the EU
  • the EU through Great Britain to Northern Ireland
  • Northern Ireland through Great Britain to the EU

From 31 January 2024, food and drink from the EU is now categorised into high, medium and low risk categories under the Border Target Operating Model (BTOM).

Check your BTOM risk category:


All products of animal origin (POAO) considered medium or high risk will require a Health Certificate to be provided for transport in addition to commercial documents.  All import or transit consignments of POAO must be notified to Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) on IPAFFS (Import of products, animals, food and feed system).  IPAFFS notification must be done at least one working day before it is expected to arrive at the point of entry. 

In order to use use IPAFFS, you must have a UK Government Gateway account.







Our Customs Clearance Team has worked with Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine to put solutions in place for HANNON customers based in Ireland.

HANNON groupage customers can either:

  • arrange for a veterinary inspector (VI) to complete their own Health Certificates; or
  • use the HANNON Health Certificates Service to have a Health Certificate completed at HANNON Dublin by a DAFM VI. The HANNON Health Certificates Service is currently available for Groupage ONLY.  Customers with Full Load consignments should arrange for a veterinary inspector (VI) to complete their own Health Certificates.  For more information contact your HANNON Account Manager.

In order to use the HANNON Health Certificates Service, customers must supply all of the relevant information (see list below) to enable the Health Certificates to be completed.

  1. Species
  2. Nature of Commodity
  3. Treatment
  4. Approval Number of Slaughterhouse
  5. Approval Number of Cutting Plant
  6. Approval Number of Manufacturing Plant
  7. Approval Number of Cold Store
  8. Number of Packages
  9. Net Weight
  10. Slaughter Dates

Customers using the HANNON Health Certificates Service will be provided with a simple template which must be used to provide the required information.  A small charge (TBC) will be applied for each Health Certificate & IPAFFS Notification required.

If you would like to find out more about the new requirements for exporting groupage goods to or through GB please don’t hesitate to get in touch with our Customs Clearance Team.


Movements from EU mainland to GB or transiting GB to Ireland must also be accompanied by a Health Certificate.  Food Business Operators (FBO) are advised to contact their local food authority for more information about how to obtain a Health Certificate.



HANNON Transport Customs Team
Tel: +44 (0) 2894 548099

Further reading…


Government makes next set of crucial changes to improve biosecurity at UK’s trade border

Today (30 April 2024), the (UK) Government is strengthening its trade border to better detect pests and diseases from imported products.


Food Safety Authority of Ireland – Information about exporting food to the UK

From 31 January 2024

  • Export health certificates and phytosanitary certificates will be required for medium risk animal products, plants and plant products imported to Great Britain from the EU, including from Ireland.
  • Prenotification of imports of SPS goods from Ireland on the UK’s SPS import system (IPAFFS) will be required.
  • UK import declarations will need to be pre-lodged and food products moved from the island of Ireland will become subject to checks and controls.
  • The changes apply to export goods to Great Britain or exported to other EU countries via the UK landbridge.

For  information on how to apply for an Export Health Certificate, please contact your Competent Authority

Check import risk categories and related rules for animals and animal products imported from the EU to Great Britain, from 31 January 2024

The UK Target Operating Model (TOM)  categorises live animals, germinal products, products of animal origin (POAO) and animal by-products (ABPs) as high risk, medium risk or low risk. Each category has different requirements.

HANNON Transport Customs Team
Tel: +44 (0) 2894 548099

If you would like to find out more about the new requirements for exporting groupage goods to or through GB please don’t hesitate to get in touch with our Customs Clearance Team.

Watch our video to see what we do…